As a poem it recalls Rimbaud’s first hand experiences about the horror of war as he – describes the dead soldier, enjoying his endless. sleep after the troubles and tiredness of battle.
The poet has used a simile in the poem that arouses our pity. The smile of the soldier, who is sleeping, is compared with the smile of an infant. The comparision is ironical as the soldier is already dead after being shot in the battlefield.
There are other comparisons like the rays of the sun flowing like a stream or the abundant growth of fern trees that support the soldier’s head like a pillow.